The Carnidae from 'De Kaaistoep', The Netherlands


The Carnidae fauna of the Netherlands is quite well known due to early collectors like De Meijere and currently activ collectors like Jan Willem van Zuijlen. In the checklist for the Netherlands (Beuk 2002) five species are listed: Carnus hemapterus, Meoneura flavifacies, M. lacteipennis, M. obscurella, and M. vagans. The only recent paper on the carnid fauna of the Netherlands is by Brake (1996).

Why online?

The Carnidae specimens from the 'De Kaaistoep' were identified and the data digitized. Instead of publishing a paper I decided to publish online only, because this enables me to continually update and improve the data for each species, while still enabling the user to view only data from this project. Everybody who reads this page and associated pages is welcome to act as a reviewer by adding comments. I will periodically review the comments and incorporate your suggestions into the text.

To add a comment to data on the taxon pages you have to click on the title of the node (e.g. the description, image or specimen). The node will open and at the bottom of the page you can click on 'Add new comment'. If you want to stay anonymous you can just make a comment without logging in (to avoid spam comments, comments are not published immediately, but have to be activated by me first. However, I promise only to delete spam comments, not critical ones). Otherwise you can either state your name in your comment or you register for an account and wait for me to activate your account. As soon as your account is activated you can log in and add comments under your user account.

'De Kaaistoep'

De Kaaistoep lies immediately west of the urban area of Tilburg, province Noord-Brabant, in the south of The Netherlands. It belongs to the TWM Gronden BV (´Tilburgsche Waterleiding Maatschappij´, the Waterworks Company). Since 1994 the agricultural area has transformed into a more natural landscape (Van Wielink 1999). The western part of De Kaaistoep, the actual site of traps, consists of open grassland on poor sandy soil interrupted by straight rows of deciduous trees and shrubs. Four artificial small pools were dug in 1994 and a big one of about 1 ha in 1998. Other measures were the planting of indigenous trees, the removal of exotic ones, and mowing of the grasslands in autumn (Felix & Van Wielink 2008).

Materials and Methods

Specimens were collected in Malaise and window traps between 1998 and 2002. The window traps are described on the page on Milichiidae in 'De Kaaistoep'.

The specimens are stored in 70% Ethanol. Most of the specimens were send back to the collector, van Zuijlen with reference specimen deposited in the Natural History Museum, London and in my personal collection. All specimen data have been digitized and specimen IDs have been given to individual specimens or lots of the same sex.

Species list

All species in the list are linked to the respective taxon page which shows nomenclatural and taxonomic data, images, citations, a list of specimens and a distribution map showing only data of specimens digitized by me. There is a second link to a static taxon page which shows the respective page at the time of publication of this online paper (all produced on 21. Apr. 2011). For a table of Carnidae collected in the Kerkini project check All together 162 Carnidae specimens were identified.


Many thanks to Jan Willem van Zuijlen, who collected all the specimens. Any comments and reviews are greatly appreciated.

How to cite

The first version of this publication was published on 21. Apr. 2011 by Irina Brake. Please cite like this:

Brake, I. 2011: The Carnidae from 'De Kaaistoep', The Netherlands. The new Diptera Site,, accessed on [precise date when you last viewed the online publication].

Have a look at The Milichiidae from 'De Kaaistoep' or the Carnidae of the Lake Kerkini region in Greece!

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